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Counseling Skills
 
 
Counseling Skills
Course in Business Comunications
 
Counseling Skills

The following course inIntroduction toCounseling Skills is provided in its entirety by Atlantic International University's "Open Access Initiative" which strives to make knowledge and education readily available to those seeking advancement regardless of their socio-economic situation, location or other previously limiting factors. The University's Open Courses are free and do not require any purchase or registration, they are open to the public.

The course in Counseling Skills contains the following:

  • Lessons in video format with explaination of theoratical content.
  • Complementary activities that will make research more about the topic , as well as put into practice what you studied in the lesson. These activities are not part of their final evaluation.
  • Texts supporting explained in the video.

The Administrative Staff may be part of a degree program paying up to three college credits. The lessons of the course can be taken on line Through distance learning. The content and access are open to the public according to the "Open Access" and " Open Access " Atlantic International University initiative. Participants who wish to receive credit and / or term certificate , must register as students.


Lesson 1: COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY

Counseling psychology is a psychological specialty that encompasses research and applied work in several broad domains: counseling process and outcome; supervision and training; career development and counseling; and prevention and health. Some unifying themes among counseling psychologists include a focus on assets and strengths, person–environment interactions, educational and career development, brief interactions, and a focus on intact personalities. In the United States, the premier scholarly journals of the profession are the Journal of Counseling Psychology and The Counseling Psychologist.
In the U.S., counseling psychology programs are accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA), while counseling programs are accredited through the Counsel for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP). To become licensed as a counseling psychologist, one must meet the criteria for licensure as a psychologist.

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Lesson 2: PRIMARY COUNSELING THERAPIES

When deciding on an appropriate counselor or psychotherapist, it can be useful to understand the different therapies they may use. Although all can be effective, you may find one approach more appealing than another, or find that some approaches are better for a certain area of counseling or psychotherapy than others. Psychological therapies generally fall into four categories. These are behavioral therapies, which focus on cognitions and behaviors, psychoanalytical and psychodynamic therapies, which focus on the unconscious relationship patterns that evolved from childhood, humanistic therapies, which focus on self-development in the 'here and now' and arts therapies, which use creative arts within the therapeutic process. This is a generalization though and counseling or psychotherapy usually overlaps some of these techniques. Some counselors or psychotherapists practice a form of 'integrative' therapy, which means they draw on and blend specific types of techniques. Other practitioners work in an 'eclectic' way, which means they take elements of several different models and combine them when working with clients. There are also a number of specific other therapies that can be used.

 

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Lesson 3: PSYCHOANALYTIC COUNSELING

Psychoanalysis is a set of psychological and psychotherapeutic theories and associated techniques, originally popularized by Austrian physician Sigmund Freud and stemming partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others. Since then, psychoanalysis has expanded and been revised, reformed and developed in different directions. This was initially by Freud's colleagues and students, such as Alfred Adler and Carl Gustav Jung who went on to develop their own ideas independently from Freud.

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Lesson 4: GRIEF COUNSELING

Most can agree with the simplistic definition that grief is a keen mental suffering or distress over affliction or loss, sharp sorrow, and/or painful regret. As we can see, grief is not too abstract a term for us to define, because to some degree we have all experienced grief or seen it displayed in others. Though it is not a hard term to wrap meaning around, it is however a complex entity in itself. It is presented differently in everyone through variances in intensity, complexity, duration, and the properties and stages that one experiences. Webster also defines bereavement as the “state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one”. This term also seems pretty simple and equates to the reactions one goes through after losing a loved one.

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Lesson 5: BEHAVIORAL APPROACH TO COUNSELING

The term behavior modification and behavior therapy are often used interchangeably, but they have slightly different meanings. Behavior modification is an approach to assessment, evaluation, and behavior change that focuses on the development of adaptive, pro-social behaviors and the decrease of maladaptive behavior in daily living. Behavior modification is used by therapists and paraprofessional workers to help individuals improve some aspect of daily life. Behavior therapy is a clinical approach that can be used to treat a variety of disorders, in various types of settings, and with a wide range of special population groups. The

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Lesson 6: REALITY THERAPY COUNSELING

Reality therapy (RT) is an approach to psychotherapy and counseling. Developed by William Glasser in the 1960s, RT differs from conventional psychiatry, psychoanalysis and medical model schools of psychotherapy in that it focuses on what Glasser calls psychiatry's three Rs: realism, responsibility, and right-and-wrong, rather than symptoms of mental disorders. Reality therapy maintains that the individual is suffering from a socially universal human condition rather than a mental illness. It is in the unsuccessful attainment of basic needs that a person's behavior moves away from the norm. Since fulfilling essential needs is part of a person's present life, reality therapy does not concern itself with a client's past. Neither does this type of therapy deal with unconscious mental processes. In these ways reality therapy is very different from other forms of psychotherapy.

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Lesson 7: SCHOOL COUNSELING SKILLS & TECHNIQUES

The professional school counselor provides responsive services through the effective use of individual and small group counseling, consulting, and referral skills. There are three major theories that have shaped how counselors provide
therapeutic interventions in schools. The first of these is based on the theoretical
foundation provided by psychoanalysis, first defined and elaborated by Sigmund Freud. These approaches include those that can be described as neo-Freudian and those that contain elements first identified in Freud’s writings. Eric H. Erikson, Alfred Adler, and Otto Rank have built models for practice based on these approaches and theories.

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Lesson 8: FAMILY COUNSELING

Family therapy, also referred to as couple and family therapy, marriage and family therapy, family systems therapy, and family counseling, is a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development. It tends to view change in terms of the systems of interaction between family members. It emphasizes family relationships as an important factor in psychological health. The different schools of family therapy have in common a belief that, regardless of the origin of the problem, and regardless of whether the clients consider it an individual or family issue, involving families in solutions often benefits clients. This involvement of families is commonly accomplished by their direct participation in the therapy session. The skills of the family therapist thus include the ability to influence conversations in a way that catalyzes the strengths, wisdom, and support of the wider system.

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Lesson 9: RELATIONSHIP/COUPLES COUNSELING

Relationship counseling is the process of counseling the parties of a relationship in an effort to recognize and to better manage or reconcile troublesome differences and repeating patterns of distress. The relationship involved may be between members of a family or a couple, employees or employers in a workplace, or between a professional and a client. Couple therapy (or relationship therapy) is a related and different process. It may differ from relationship counseling in duration. Short term counseling may be between 1 to 3 sessions whereas long term couples therapy may be between 12 and 24 sessions. An exception is brief or solution focused couples therapy. In addition, counseling tends to be more 'here and now' and new coping strategies the outcome. Couples therapy is more about seemingly intractable problems with a relationship history, where emotions are the target and the agent of change. Marriage counseling or marital therapy can refer to either or some combination of the above.

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Lesson 10: BASIC COUNSELING SKILLS & TECHNIQUES

Tackling the ups, downs, and all around issues that come along with living a healthy life is no easy bull’s eye to hit. Every week can bring family emergencies, health problems, relationship issues, and career concerns. With all of these things that we cannot ignore how do we go about facing them head-on with strength, self-assurance, and a clear mind? If you are a counselor, or have been to a counselor before, you would know the benefits that being able to speak with someone one-on-one about your issues have to offer. There is no shame in asking for help, and there are plenty of people that are qualified professionals that are here to service your personal, career, or family needs..

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